Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma are the two primary types of lymphoma, however there are several subtypes. Of these two primary types, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is much more common, with the two most common subtypes being diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. A diagnosis is made after a biopsy is performed and a pathologist looks at the cells under a microscope. If an abnormal cell known as a Reed-Sternberg cell is identified, the lymphoma is classified as Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. If it is not, then the lymphoma is classified as non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Age: While lymphoma is most often diagnosed in people older than 60, there are some types that are more common in infants, children and young adults.
Sex: Some types of lymphoma are more predominant in men, while others are more commonly diagnosed in women.
Medical history including these problems may increase risk:
Race/ethnicity: In the United States, the white population is more likely to develop certain types of lymphoma.
The signs and symptoms for lymphoma are different for each person and are dependent on where in the body the cancer is located. In the beginning stages, they are not specific which makes them easy to overlook. The symptoms also differ depending the type of lymphoma. The more common symptoms include swollen glands, fever, night sweats, fatigue, weight loss, cough and shortness of breath.