Stages for bladder cancer range from Stage 0 though Stage 4, with each stage indicating where the tumor is located, if it has spread to lymph nodes and if it has metastasized. (See Stages of Cancer)
Some risk factors for Bladder Cancer are:
Smoking: Smoking,or using other tobacco products greatly increases a person’s risk for bladder cancer.
Family history: The chance of developing bladder cancer increases when immediate family members have had the disease.
Personal history: A person’s risk is increased with a history of recurrent bladder infections or long-time urinary catheter use.
Exposure: Certain paints, dyes, metals, or petroleum, as well as consuming water with high levels of arsenic or that has been treated with chlorine may increase a person’s risk.
Prior treatment: Receiving previous radiation therapy treatment to the pelvis, or certain anti-cancer drugs may cause an increased risk.
Signs & Symptoms
Signs and symptoms are different for each patient. It’s important to discuss any questions or concerns you may have with your physician. They may include:
Blood in urine (most common)
Frequent and/or painful urination
Inability to urinate or urinating less than normally
Pain in the lower back
Screening & Diagnostic Testing
A complete physical exam and medical history should be done. The exam will check for any unusual physical signs. A complete medical history is also important to fully understand a person’s health habits, family history, previous illnesses, and past exposure. Additional testing may include:
Helpful Patient Resources:
We understand that receiving a cancer diagnosis can be a very scary and an emotional time for the patient and their families. It is very important to discuss any questions or concerns you may have with your oncologist. We highly recommend that if you do any research about your disease, that you do so only with reputable sources. For your convenience, we’ve listed some below.
National Cancer Institute:
American Cancer Society: