Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men after skin cancer, and it is the 2nd leading cause of cancer deaths in men. It occurs when the cells in the prostate gland grow out of control.
Initially, these cells may spread within the prostate, but can break through the wall of the prostate gland and spread to neighboring organs, or travel through the bloodstream and lymphatic system to other parts of the body.
Some of the Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer Are:
Age: According to the American Cancer Society, 60% of prostate cancer is diagnosed in men aged 65 and older. Therefore, 40% of prostate cancers are diagnosed at an earlier age but infrequently before the age of 40.
Family History: There is an increased risk when immediate family members have the disease. Familial prostate cancer develops from a combination of lifestyle factors, shared genes and shared environmental factors. Hereditary prostate cancer is caused when genetic changes or mutations are passed down through generations of the same family. There is a higher risk of developing prostate cancer if a family member (man or woman) has a BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation, or has Lynch Syndrome.