Tobacco: Smoking and other tobacco products can greatly increase this risk of developing cancers in the head and neck. This includes marijuana use.
Alcohol: Frequent and heavy use of alcohol has been linked to the disease. The combined use of alcohol and tobacco further increases the risk.
Age: Chances of being diagnosed with head or neck cancer increase with age, being more common in those age 40 and older.
Family history: Some inherited genetic syndromes can increase a person’s risk.
Gender: Both men and women can be diagnosed with head or neck cancer, but men have double the risk of developing this disease.
Poor Nutrition: Diets that don’t include enough vitamins A and B can raise a person’s risk.
Exposure: Certain workplace exposures, chemical or radioactive elements, particularly those that can be breathed in put a person at a greater risk, especially for nasal or paranasal sinus cavity cancer. Prolonged sun exposure to unprotected skin is also a risk factor.
Lumps, or masses in the head and neck area(s). Some can cause pain, but not all do