Gender: Women have a much higher incidence of the disease, being diagnosed nearly 75% more than men.
Race/ethnicity: Caucasians and the Asian population are more likely to develop thyroid cancer, but the disease can affect people of any race or ethnic population.
Family history: Certain types of genes can cause an increased risk. Having a family history of hereditary precancerous polyps in the colon also can be an increased risk factor of the disease.
Medical history: Having a history of a goiter (enlarged thyroid) can increase a person’s risk of thyroid cancer. Also, known to be risk factor is previous exposure to moderate levels of radiation which can include:
Exposure: Radioactive iodine exposure, especially during childhood or exposure to ionizing radiation, including radioactive fallout from atomic weapons or a nuclear power plant fallout can be an increased risk factor.
A complete physical exam and medical history should be done. The exam will check for any unusual physical signs. A complete medical history is also important to fully understand a person’s health habits, family history, previous illnesses, and past exposure. Additional testing may include:
National Cancer Institute:
American Cancer Society